Another component of social justice is restorative justice. It is a procedure where all stakeholders suffering from an injustice have an opportunity to talk about their experience and to decide what should be done to repair the damage. With criminal activity, restorative justice is about the idea that because criminal activity can be destructive, rights should be also curative. It follows that discussions with those who have been harm and with those who have induced the damage must be the main issue of the procedure.
In a restorative justice procedure, the people who have been suffering from a criminal activity must take an active part in dealing with that criminal activity. Although law experts may have additional positions in assisting the restorative justice procedure, it is the people involved who must take up the majority of the obligation in treatment the discomfort due to criminal activity. The procedure for restorative justice thus changes the obligation for dealing with criminal activity.
Restorative justice looks for to build relationships to improve common liability for beneficial reactions to wrongdoing within our areas. Restorative techniques seek a healthy way of the needs of the sufferer, wrongdoer and group through procedures that protect the safety and sensibilities of all.
Difference with other approaches
Restorative justice differs from traditional criminal justice in terms of the directing concerns being raised. In restorative justice, the concerns are:
1.Who has been hurt?
2.What are their needs?
3.Whose obligations are these?
4.What are the causes?
5.Who has a stake in the situation?
6.What is the appropriate process to involve stakeholders in an effort to address causes and put things right?
In contrast, traditional criminal justice asks:
1.What laws have been broken?
2.Who did it?
3.What do the offender(s) deserve?
Restorative justice is also different from the adversarial legal procedure or that of municipal lawsuits.